Saturday, January 30, 2010

Dig: Material Study

Pop up books wear and tear easily because paper is the only material used till now. They are highly intricate and therefore quite expensive and parents avoid buying them. They expect value for their money and with them perishing so easily, its hard to find that.

durable and light. I came across EVA-
Ethylene vinyl acetate. EVA is one of the materials popularly known as expanded rubber or foam rubber. It is light weight, easy to mold, odorless, glossy finish, water-proof and cheaper compared to natural rubber.

Thermoplastic Polymer Film
is much like paper. William McDonough and Michael Braungart's book 'Cradle to Cradle' is printed on polymer film for paper and prints information with inks that can be easily and safely removed for true recycling. And polymer 'paper' feels as good as cellulose-based papers. It is not made from wood pulp, but rather from plastic resins and inorganic fillers. It can be recycled and is water-proof.

Do: The Spreads II

The next 3.. The fourth was a spinning motion but I have to redo it..

Slide me down

Help me jump

Throw me in the air

Do: The Spreads I

Here are a few pop ups I've been working on. 3 per post. I've made 7 out of 10. I've used Ivory sheets and metal rivets to figure the mechanisms for each movement.

There about 23 motions in total... still adding to the archive (will be posting the stick figures).
Its a learning experience for me because I've never worked with paper engineering before. I was intimidated at first but slowly gathered the confidence. So this is my very first attempt :)

'The Pop-Up Book: Step-by-Step Instructions for Creating Over 100 Original Paper Projects
'- A valuable resource for me to learn my basics. It was a challenge working with linkages. But this book shows a visual step by step process and is very informative.

The titles are temporary for now.

Bouncy Baby

Rock back torso

Dancing on her feet

Monday, January 18, 2010

Dig: How a Pop-Up is made (The Elements of Pop-Up)

Product Journey (Paper)

1) First comes the idea. A few sketches are done to get a starting point.

2) A rough-cut dummy is built. At this point, deciding how to combine the text, art, and the pop-up design.

3) Tracings are made. This tracing is a rough die drawing. The tracings are used for making copies of the pop-up, as a guide for the final die drawing, for creating the nesting, and as a guide for creating the art.

4) The nesting determines how much paper area will be used. It is also used to create the final die and as a guide for composing the colour-separated film.

5) A blank paper dummy is made and sent to the printer/ die maker/ assembler for the price quoting.

6) An artist's kit is made for the illustrator to use as a guide. The illustrator may make minor changes to the contour of the die, but the structure of the pop-up remains unchanged.

7) Using the artist's kit as a guide, the illustrator creates right pencil sketches, which are built into a tight pencil dummy. Changes to the paper engineering or art are made at this point. The die drawings are refined.

8) All changes are incorporated and final art begins. In this case pencils and tracings are scanned into the computer and placed in Adobe Illustrator, a drawing program. Digital art, dies, and text are created separate layers.

9) A paste up is made, digital in this case. Colour separations are made and the film is composed using the nesting as a guide. Paper proofs printed.

10) A working dummy is made from the first proofs. When it is certain that everything is correct, the final die drawing is created. This will be the guide for the steel and wood die. Final film is ordered.

11) The final die and film are sent to the printer/ die maker/ assembler. A die maker builds the steel and wood die, which contains bits of foam rubber to eject the paper. The paper is printed and then die cut.

12) The printed and die-cut pieces of the pop-up are hand assembled by the precise and expert hands of the assemblers. The pop-up is finished.

Phew! Getting started..

Sunday, January 17, 2010


Four months into my project..

Rigorous session of observations and insights, a few things that caught my attention were that,
1) Working parents rarely spend time with their children, and because of this, they compensate by buying hoards of toys.
2) Academia has become the main focus for every parent. Active play is not so essential.
3) Children aren't as active as they used to be.

Children love being thrown up in the air, turned upside-down, swung from side to side.. So I thought why not incorporate all these activities within a book. It's simple, it's portable and a great tool to bring parent and child closer together, physically as well as emotionally. The pop-up visually demonstrates the action and sets off the element of surprise!

"A movable pop-up book that shows you different ways of moving with your child, where you become their ‘playground’. Spin, swing or bounce with them, just as they would interact with the characters in the pop-up book."

The status report at this very moment is that I'm collecting content. The picture (above) is a rough skeleton of my concept.

Coming up.. An illustrated archive of the various movements performed by parents with their children. Also, a deconstruction of my competition- 'Creatures of the Desert World' by National Geographic Society (an action/pop-up book), Videos of the various movements I've made till now with paper.